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in·ter·net ob·serv·a·to·ry

[ˈin(t)ərˌnet əbˈzərvəˌtôrē] n. a lab housing infrastructure and human expertise for the study of the internet
An illustration of the experience of using a poorly coded website with a screen reader. The illustration shows three mockups of a smartphone screen with each selectable choice saying only "button". Behind the buttons is a blurred image of a computer.

Accessibility for Trust and Safety Flows

How well do platform reporting flows and context labels work with screen readers for the visually impaired?

Featured News and Publications


December 2021 Twitter Takedowns

Newly suspended Twitter operations linked to Venezuela, Mexico, Tanzania, China and Russia.
committee on homeland security logo

Committee on Homeland Security Hosts Stanford Internet Observatory Experts for Securing Democracy Hearing

The Stanford Internet Observatory's Matt Masterson and Alex Stamos spoke at a virtual hearing on the importance of policy work in order to secure American elections.
the cover of the first issue of the journal of online trust and safety featuring a stylized picture of fiber optic cables and the logo of the journal

The Journal of Online Trust and Safety

The Journal of Online Trust and Safety is now accepting letters of inquiry for its third issue.

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Analyzing a Twitter Takedown Originating in Saudi Arabia

Blogs / December 23, 2019

On December 20, 2019 Twitter announced the removal of 88,000 accounts managed by Smaat, a digital marketing company based in Saudi Arabia, and attributed thousands of these accounts to involvement in “a significant state-backed information operation”. On December 17 Twitter shared with the Stanford Internet Observatory 32,054,257 tweets from 5,929 randomly sampled accounts. In this report we provide a first analysis of the data.

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Taiwan Election: Three Weeks Out

Blogs / December 19, 2019

Last Friday, December 13, 2019, Facebook announced it had removed 118 fan pages, 99 groups, and 51 accounts supporting Taiwan’s KMT presidential candidate, Han Kuo-yu. Our team at SIO had been observing several of the Groups removed, including one that was prominently featured in media coverage of the takedown: 2020韓國瑜總統後援會(總會)[“2020 Han Kuo-yu presidential support group (General group)”].

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Bing’s Top Search Results Contain an Alarming Amount of Disinformation

Blogs / December 17, 2019

Bing’s importance in the information landscape of the U.S. shouldn’t be overlooked. While its share of the search market in the U.S. might be dwarfed by that of Google, it has steadily increased over the past ten years.

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Taiwan Election: The Final Countdown

Blogs / December 12, 2019

This post is an update to our Presidential Election 2020 Scene Setter published August 26, 2019. 

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Evidence of Russia-Linked Influence Operations in Africa

Blogs / October 30, 2019

Russia’s global strategy for reasserting itself as a geopolitical superpower has led to an increased presence in Africa, where it has broadened efforts to shape the continent’s politics and pursue new economic opportunities to allay the effects of sanctions.

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Libya: Presidential and Parliamentary Elections Scene Setter

News / October 2, 2019

Political context

Libya has seen continuing violence for several years, with rebel General Khalifa Haftar, head of the Libyan National Army (LNA) forces, controlling large swaths of the country and aiming to take control of Tripoli.

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Kosovo Blue Lives Takedown

Blogs / September 30, 2019

In the course of assisting reporter Judd Legum of Popular Information on an investigation into a Ukraine-based network of Facebook Pages (recently taken down), SIO researchers uncovered a similar network that appeared to be operating from Kosovo. This network, consisting of approximately 9 pages with 312,000 followers, focused predominantly on “Blue Lives Matter” content – an American social movement that expresses support for police officers.

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Should We Be Worried About Election Interference in 2020? Probably, says Facebook’s Former Chief Security Officer

News / September 18, 2019

Alex Stamos is “extremely worried” that the upcoming U.S. presidential election will see some kind of interference from foreign adversaries.

“It’s too late for legislation — we start voting in the primaries in February,” Stamos told Michael McFaul, director of the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, on the World Class podcast. “And it’s really unfortunate that we as a society watched the ball fly over the plate on this one.”

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Taiwan: Presidential Election 2020 Scene Setter

News / August 26, 2019

This is the first of a series of pieces we intend to publish on societies and elections at risk from online disinformation. Our goal is to draw the attention of the media, tech platforms and other academics to these risks and to provide a basic background that could be useful to those who wish to study the information environment in these areas.

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Stanford Internet Observatory Seeks to Detect Internet Abuse in Real Time

News / July 25, 2019

$5 million gift from Craig Newmark Philanthropies will support new program, led by computer security expert Alex Stamos

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Talking Election Security in the Nation’s Capital

News / June 24, 2019

Is the 2020 presidential election vulnerable to the same kind of foreign interference that took place in 2016? For a group of scholars at the new Stanford Cyber Policy Center at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI), the answer is undoubtedly “yes.”

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'Securing American Elections' Report Offers a Policy Road Map

News / June 11, 2019

Despite the severity of the attack on the 2016 U.S. presidential election, there has been no bipartisan, independent commission to investigate what can be done to prevent election interference in the future — until now.

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FSI scholars join high-level commission on democracy in the digital age

News / October 9, 2018

The Kofi Annan Foundation has tapped four Stanford scholars at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) to help advance one of its top priorities: to shed light on the rapidly-changing role of technology in elections around the world and to recommend ways of ensuring that digital tools strengthen—not undercut—democracy.

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Cybersecurity: Media Roundtable Eyes Threats

News / October 3, 2018


Whether it’s foreign government meddling or corporate hacking, every day brings a new challenge in cybersecurity for the United States, said experts at a recent Hoover Institution media roundtable.

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Cybersecurity expert Alex Stamos joins Stanford University as fellow

News / August 1, 2018


Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and the Hoover Institution announced today the appointment of Alex Stamos as a William J. Perry Fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC), Cyber Initiative fellow, and Hoover visiting scholar.

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