Internet Observatory Publications

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Articles, papers and reports from the Stanford Internet Observatory

Publications

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Case Studies

Unheard Voice: Evaluating five years of pro-Western covert influence operations (TAKEDOWN)

Graphika, Stanford Internet Observatory
2022 August 24, 2022
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Testimonies

Testimony by Renée DiResta to the Committee on House Administration Subcommittee on Elections

Renee DiResta
2022 July 27, 2022

“A Growing Threat: Foreign And Domestic Sources Of Disinformation”

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Journal Articles

Effectiveness of vaccination mandates in improving uptake of COVID-19 vaccines in the USA

Renee DiResta, Prof Douglas J Opel, 
Regina M Benjamin, 
Timothy Callaghan, 
Jad A Elharake, Prof Lisa C Flowers, Prof Alison P Galvani, Prof Daniel A Salmon, Jason L Schwartz, Prof Noel T Brewer, 
Alison M Buttenheim, 
Prof Richard M Carpiano, Chelsea Clinton, 
Prof Peter J Hotez, 
Rekha Lakshmanan, 
Prof Yvonne A Maldonado, Prof Saad B Omer, 
Prof Joshua M Sharfstein, 
Prof Arthur Caplan
The Lancet, 2022 July 8, 2022
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Journal Articles

Slanted Narratives, Social Media, and Foreign Influence in Libya

Shelby Grossman, Katie Jonsson, Nicholas Lyon, Lydia Sizer
Journal of Quantitative Description, 2022 June 3, 2022
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Reports

Gabufacturing Dissent: An in-depth analysis of Gab

David Thiel, Miles McCain
2022 June 1, 2022

Gab was founded in 2016 as an uncensored alternative to mainstream social media platforms. Stanford Internet Observatory’s latest report looks at behaviors and dynamics across the platform.

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Commentary

Seven tips for spotting disinformation related to the Russia-Ukraine conflict

Melissa De Witte, Shelby Grossman
2022 March 3, 2022

A disinformation researcher shares what she and her team watch for when analyzing social media posts and other online reports related to the Russian invasion of Ukraine (originally appeared in Stanford News)

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Journal Articles

Content-Oblivious Trust and Safety Techniques: Results from a Survey of Online Service Providers

Riana Pfefferkorn
Journal of Online Trust and Safety, 2022 February 28, 2022

A new publication from Riana Pfefferkorn of the Stanford Internet Observatory

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Journal Articles

Playing Both Sides: Russian State-Backed Media Coverage of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement

Renee DiResta, Samantha Bradshaw, Carly Miller
The International Journal of Press/Politics, 2022 February 28, 2022
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Reports

Memes, Magnets and Microchips: Narrative dynamics around COVID-19 vaccines

Stanford Internet Observatory, Renee DiResta, Elena Cryst, Matt Masterson, Chase Small, Carly Miller, Taylor Agajanian, Kolina Koltai, Julienne Ching, Kathy Liu, Osiris Cruz-Antonio, Erin McAweeney, Lily Meyersohn, Kaitlyn Dowling, Laura Edelson, Rachel Moran, Kris Fortmann, Toni Friedman, Abigail Tarquino, Cameron Hickey, Julia Thompson , Zoe Huczok, Kyle Weiss, Lindsay Hurley, Alyssa Kann
Virality Project, 2022 February 24, 2022

The final report of the Virality Project.

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Journal Articles

Googling for Abortion: Search Engine Mediation of Abortion Accessibility in the United States

Ronald E Robertson, Tatiana Gracyk, Yelena Mejova
Journal of Quantitative Description, 2022 February 23, 2022
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Case Studies

A Selection of Final Projects from the Stanford Internet Observatory’s Online Open Source Investigation Course

Lila Shroff , Kyla Guru, Lena Han, Frances Schroeder, Amy Dunphy , Kate Davidson, Leo Glikbarg, Eli MacKinnon, Eli Wald, Songchen Yao, Mishaela Robison
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2022 February 8, 2022
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Journal Articles

In-House Vs. Outsourced Trolls: How Digital Mercenaries Shape State Influence Strategies

Renee DiResta, Shelby Grossman, Alexandra Siegel
Political Communication, 2021 December 19, 2021
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Case Studies

One Topic, Two Networks: Evaluating Two Chinese Influence Operations on Twitter Related to Xinjiang (TAKEDOWN)

Renee DiResta, Josh A. Goldstein, Carly Miller, Harvey Wang, SY, MD
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2021 December 2, 2021
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Case Studies

Maduro’s Menagerie: Twitter Client Usage in a Venezuelan Twitter Operation (TAKEDOWN)

Elena Cryst, Ronald E Robertson, Noah Schechter, David Thiel
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2021 December 2, 2021
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Case Studies

In Bed with Embeds: How a Network Tied to IRA Operations Created Fake “Man on the Street” Content Embedded in News Articles (TAKEDOWN)

Renee DiResta, Shelby Grossman, Samantha Bradshaw, Karen Nershi, Khadeja Ramali, Rajeev Sharma
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2021 December 2, 2021
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Case Studies

The New Copyright Trolls: How a Twitter Network Used Copyright Complaints to Harass Tanzanian Activists (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Christopher Giles, Cynthia N. M., R. Miles McCain, Blair Read
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2021 December 2, 2021
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Case Studies

Seeing Double: Twitter Removes Network of Duplicate Accounts Cheerleading Mexican Political Allies (TAKEDOWN)

Elena Cryst, David Thiel, Sean Gallagher
Stanford Internet Observatory, 2021 December 2, 2021
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Journal Articles

The Gender Dimensions of Foreign Influence Operations

Samantha Bradshaw, Amélie Henle
International Journal of Communication, 2021 October 31, 2021
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Journal Articles

How Search Engines Handle Suicide Queries

Olivia Borge, Victoria Cosgrove, Elena Cryst, Shelby Grossman, Shelby Perkins, Anna Van Meter
The Journal of Online Trust and Safety, 2021 October 28, 2021
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White Papers

Zero Trust: How to Secure American Elections When the Losers Won’t Accept They Lost

Matt Masterson, Jennifer DePew, Katie Jonsson, Shelby Perkins, Alex Zaheer
2021 October 14, 2021
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White Papers

Combating Information Manipulation: A Playbook for Elections and Beyond

Daniel Arnaudo, Samantha Bradshaw, Hui Hui Ooi, Kaleigh Schwalbe, Vera Zakem, Amanda Zink
2021 September 20, 2021

A new playbook from the International Republican Institute (IRI), the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the Stanford Internet Observatory (SIO) aims to help identify, respond to, and build long-term resilience to election-related information manipulation, attacks on information integrity and threats to delegitimize elections globally.

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Journal Articles

Middle East Influence Operations: Observations Across Social Media Takedowns

Renee DiResta, Shelby Grossman, Josh A. Goldstein
Middle East Political Science, 2021 August 25, 2021

Researchers Shelby Grossman, Renee DiResta and Josh A. Goldstein examine Middle East influence operations across social media, including how regimes incorporated social media activities into their own domestic and foreign policy toolkits. The full paper can be found at the Project on Middle East Political Science website.

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Working Papers

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models

2021 August 16, 2021

A new publication from the Center for Research on Foundation Models (CRFM) at Stanford University, with contributions by Shelby Grossman and others from the Stanford Internet Observatory

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