Cyber - Publications Page

Encina Hall Column

Publications

The Cyber Policy Center regularly shares research and recommendations through the publication of white papers, journal articles and more.

The Long Fuse: Misinformation and the 2020 Election

A final report of the findings of the Election Integrity Partnership, formed on July 26, 2020 — 100 days before the 2020 presidential election — as a coalition of research entities to focus on supporting real-time information exchange between the research community, election officials, government agencies, civil society organizations, and social media platforms.

Publications

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White Paper

Reversing the Tide: Towards a New US Strategy to Support Democracy and Counter Authoritarianism

Task Force on US Strategy to Support Democracy and Counter Authoritarianism
2021
Report of the Task Force on US Strategy to Support Democracy and Counter Authoritarianism
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Journal Article

Making the Internet Safe for Democracy

Francis Fukuyama
2021
Journal of Democracy from Volume 32, Number 2, April 2021 | Johns Hopkins University Press
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White Paper

Self-harm Policies and Internet Platforms

Shelby Perkins, Elena Cryst, Shelby Grossman
2021
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White Paper

Contours and Controversies of Parler

David Thiel, Renee DiResta, Shelby Grossman, Elena Cryst
2021
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White Paper

Stoking Conflicts by Keystroke: An Operation Run by IRA-Linked Individuals Targeting Libya, Sudan, and Syria

Shelby Grossman, Khadeja Ramali, Renee DiResta, Lucas Beissner, Samantha Bradshaw, William Healzer, Ira Hubert, David Thiel
2020
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Policy Brief

Preparing for the Age of Deepfakes and Disinformation

Marietje Schaake, Andrew Grotto, Dan Boneh, Patrick McDaniel, Nicolas Papernot
2020
POPULAR CULTURE HAS ENVISIONED SOCIETIES of intelligent machines for generations, with Alan Turing notably foreseeing the need for a test to distinguish machines from humans in 1950. Now, advances in artificial intelligence that promise to make creating convincing fake multimedia content like video, images, or audio relatively easy for many.
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Journal Article

Democratic Source Code for a New U.S.-EU Tech Alliance

Marietje Schaake, Tyson Barker
2020
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Commentary

How to Save Democracy From Technology

Francis Fukuyama, Ashish Goel, Barak Richman
2020

Full article appears in the January/February 2021 issue of Foreign Affairs

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White Paper

Report of the Working Group on Platform Scale

Francis Fukuyama, Barak Richman, Ashish Goel, Marietje Schaake, Roberta R. Katz, Douglas Melamed
2020

The internet economy has produced digital platforms of enormous economic and social significance. These platforms—specifically, Google, Facebook, Amazon, Twitter, and Apple—now play central roles in how millions of Americans obtain information, spend their money, communicate with fellow citizens, and earn their livelihoods. Their reach is also felt globally, extending to many countries around the world. They have amassed the economic, social, and political influence that very few private entities have ever obtained previously.

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Working Paper

Slanted Narratives, Social Media, and Foreign Influence in Libya

Shelby Grossman, Katie Jonsson, Nicholas Lyon, Lydia Sizer
2020
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White Paper

Election 2020: Antitrust and Privacy in the Age of Big Tech

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

ANTITRUST AND PRIVACY CONCERNS are two of the most high-profile topics on the tech policy agenda. Checks and balances to counteract the power of companies such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook are under consideration in Congress, though a polarized political environment is a hindrance. But a domestic approach to tech policy will be insufficient, as the users of the large American tech companies are predominantly outside the United States.

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White Paper

An Investigation into a Female-Focused Online Campaign in Iran and Afghanistan targeting Afghans

Shelby Grossman, Renee DiResta, Lindsay Hundley, Sejal Jhawer, Tara Kheradpir, Abuzar Royesh, David Thiel
2020
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Policy Brief

Preparing for the Age of Deepfakes and Disinformation

Dan Boneh, Andrew Grotto, Patrick McDaniel , Nicolas Papernot
2020

POPULAR CULTURE HAS ENVISIONED SOCIETIES of intelligent machines for generations, with Alan Turing notably foreseeing the need for a test to distinguish machines from humans in 1950. Now, advances in artificial intelligence that promise to make creating convincing fake multimedia content like video, images, or audio relatively easy for many. Unfortunately, this will include sophisticated bots with supercharged self-improvement abilities that are capable of generating more dynamic fakes than anything seen before.

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Policy Brief

Election 2020: Foreign Interference and Domestic Manipulations Aimed at Voters and Electoral Outcomes

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

IN 2016 WE LEARNED ABOUT EFFORTS BY FOREIGN ACTORS to interfere in the U.S. election by injecting misinformation and disinformation into public discourse on social media. False events and personas added to the polarization and manipulation of voters.

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Policy Brief

Election 2020: Political Advertising and Social Media

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

VOTERS ARE BEING INUNDATED WITH POLITICAL ADVERTISING on social media and online platforms during the 2020 election season. Campaigns, PACs and third parties have added new tools and tactics for gathering data on voters and targeting them with advertising, and now they can pinpoint niches of potential voters on social media in ways unknown in prior election cycles.

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Policy Brief

Election 2020: Content Moderation and Accountability

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

AS WE APPROACH THE 2020 ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES, content moderation on social media platforms is taking center stage. From speech issues on Facebook and Twitter to YouTube videos and TikTok brigands, the current election season is being reshaped by curation concerns about what’s allowed online, what’s not, upranking and downranking, and who’s deciding.

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Policy Brief

Election 2020: Social Media and Political Polarization

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

THE EMERGENCE OF A DIGITAL SPHERE where public debate takes place raises profound questions about the connection between online information and polarization, echo chambers, and filter bubbles. Does the information ecosystem created by social media companies support the conditions necessary for a healthy democracy? Is it different from other media? These are particularly urgent questions as the United States approaches a contentious 2020 election during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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White Paper

Cheerleading Without Fans: A Low-Impact Domestic Information Operation by the Royal Thai Army

Josh A. Goldstein, Aim Sinpeng, Daniel Bush, Ross Ewald, Jennifer John, David Thiel
2020
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White Paper

#ZakzakyLifeMatters: An Investigation into a Facebook Operation Linked to the Islamic Movement in Nigeria

Shelby Grossman, Sean Gallagher, Ada Johnson-Kanu, Nicole Wilson, David Thiel
2020
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Policy Brief

Election 2020: Technology’s Role in Administering Democratic Elections

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020

THE 2020 ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES will take place on November 3 in the midst of a global pandemic, economic downturn, social unrest, political polarization, and a sudden shift in the balance of power in the U.S Supreme Court. On top of these issues, the technological layer impacting the public debate, as well as the electoral process itself, may well determine the election outcome.

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