Cyber - Publications Page

Encina Hall Column

Publications

The Cyber Policy Center regularly shares research and recommendations through the publication of white papers, journal articles and more.

New Report Provides Inside Look and Lessons from Monitoring COVID-19 Anti-Vaccine Narratives

The Virality Project final report finds recycled anti-vaccine narratives and viral content driven by recurring actors.

Publications

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White Papers

Contours and Controversies of Parler

David Thiel, Renee DiResta, Shelby Grossman, Elena Cryst
2021 January 28, 2021
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White Papers

Stoking Conflicts by Keystroke: An Operation Run by IRA-Linked Individuals Targeting Libya, Sudan, and Syria (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Khadeja Ramali, Renee DiResta, Lucas Beissner, Samantha Bradshaw, William Healzer, Ira Hubert, David Thiel
2020 December 15, 2020
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Policy Briefs

Preparing for the Age of Deepfakes and Disinformation

Marietje Schaake, Andrew Grotto, Dan Boneh, Patrick McDaniel, Nicolas Papernot
2020 December 8, 2020

POPULAR CULTURE HAS ENVISIONED SOCIETIES of intelligent machines for generations, with Alan Turing notably foreseeing the need for a test to distinguish machines from humans in 1950. Now, advances in artificial intelligence that promise to make creating convincing fake multimedia content like video, images, or audio relatively easy for many.

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Journal Articles

Democratic Source Code for a New U.S.-EU Tech Alliance

Marietje Schaake, Tyson Barker
2020 November 30, 2020
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Commentary

How to Save Democracy From Technology

Francis Fukuyama, Ashish Goel, Barak Richman
2020 November 25, 2020

Full article appears in the January/February 2021 issue of Foreign Affairs

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White Papers

Report of the Working Group on Platform Scale

Francis Fukuyama, Barak Richman, Ashish Goel, Marietje Schaake, Roberta R. Katz, Douglas Melamed
2020 November 17, 2020

The internet economy has produced digital platforms of enormous economic and social significance. These platforms—specifically, Google, Facebook, Amazon, Twitter, and Apple—now play central roles in how millions of Americans obtain information, spend their money, communicate with fellow citizens, and earn their livelihoods. Their reach is also felt globally, extending to many countries around the world. They have amassed the economic, social, and political influence that very few private entities have ever obtained previously.

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White Papers

Election 2020: Antitrust and Privacy in the Age of Big Tech

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 November 10, 2020

ANTITRUST AND PRIVACY CONCERNS are two of the most high-profile topics on the tech policy agenda. Checks and balances to counteract the power of companies such as Google, Amazon, and Facebook are under consideration in Congress, though a polarized political environment is a hindrance. But a domestic approach to tech policy will be insufficient, as the users of the large American tech companies are predominantly outside the United States.

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White Papers

Hello from the Other Side: An Investigation into a Musical Pro-Muslim Brotherhood Disinformation Operation (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Maria Fernanda Porras, Khadeja Ramali, David Thiel
2020 November 5, 2020
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White Papers

An Investigation into a Female-Focused Online Campaign in Iran and Afghanistan targeting Afghans (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Renee DiResta, Lindsay Hundley, Sejal Jhawer, Tara Kheradpir, Abuzar Royesh, David Thiel
2020 November 5, 2020
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Policy Briefs

Preparing for the Age of Deepfakes and Disinformation

Dan Boneh, Andrew Grotto, Patrick McDaniel , Nicolas Papernot
2020 November 2, 2020

POPULAR CULTURE HAS ENVISIONED SOCIETIES of intelligent machines for generations, with Alan Turing notably foreseeing the need for a test to distinguish machines from humans in 1950. Now, advances in artificial intelligence that promise to make creating convincing fake multimedia content like video, images, or audio relatively easy for many. Unfortunately, this will include sophisticated bots with supercharged self-improvement abilities that are capable of generating more dynamic fakes than anything seen before.

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Policy Briefs

Election 2020: Foreign Interference and Domestic Manipulations Aimed at Voters and Electoral Outcomes

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 October 29, 2020

IN 2016 WE LEARNED ABOUT EFFORTS BY FOREIGN ACTORS to interfere in the U.S. election by injecting misinformation and disinformation into public discourse on social media. False events and personas added to the polarization and manipulation of voters.

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Policy Briefs

Election 2020: Political Advertising and Social Media

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 October 27, 2020

VOTERS ARE BEING INUNDATED WITH POLITICAL ADVERTISING on social media and online platforms during the 2020 election season. Campaigns, PACs and third parties have added new tools and tactics for gathering data on voters and targeting them with advertising, and now they can pinpoint niches of potential voters on social media in ways unknown in prior election cycles.

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Policy Briefs

Election 2020: Content Moderation and Accountability

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 October 20, 2020

AS WE APPROACH THE 2020 ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES, content moderation on social media platforms is taking center stage. From speech issues on Facebook and Twitter to YouTube videos and TikTok brigands, the current election season is being reshaped by curation concerns about what’s allowed online, what’s not, upranking and downranking, and who’s deciding.

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Policy Briefs

Election 2020: Social Media and Political Polarization

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 October 14, 2020

THE EMERGENCE OF A DIGITAL SPHERE where public debate takes place raises profound questions about the connection between online information and polarization, echo chambers, and filter bubbles. Does the information ecosystem created by social media companies support the conditions necessary for a healthy democracy? Is it different from other media? These are particularly urgent questions as the United States approaches a contentious 2020 election during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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White Papers

Cheerleading Without Fans: A Low-Impact Domestic Information Operation by the Royal Thai Army (TAKEDOWN)

Josh A. Goldstein, Aim Sinpeng, Daniel Bush, Ross Ewald, Jennifer John, David Thiel
2020 October 8, 2020
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White Papers

#ZakzakyLifeMatters: An Investigation into a Facebook Operation Linked to the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Sean Gallagher, Ada Johnson-Kanu, Nicole Wilson, David Thiel
2020 October 8, 2020
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Policy Briefs

Election 2020: Technology’s Role in Administering Democratic Elections

Marietje Schaake, Rob Reich
2020 October 7, 2020

THE 2020 ELECTION IN THE UNITED STATES will take place on November 3 in the midst of a global pandemic, economic downturn, social unrest, political polarization, and a sudden shift in the balance of power in the U.S Supreme Court. On top of these issues, the technological layer impacting the public debate, as well as the electoral process itself, may well determine the election outcome.

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Journal Articles

Political partisanship influences behavioral responses to governors’ recommendations for COVID-19 prevention in the United States

Soojong Kim
PNAS Journal, 2020 September 15, 2020

Voluntary physical distancing is essential for preventing the spread of COVID-19. We assessed the role of political partisanship in individuals’ compliance with physical distancing recommendations of political leaders using data on mobility from a sample of mobile phones in 3,100 counties in the United States during March 2020, county-level partisan preferences, information about the political affiliation of state governors, and the timing of their communications about COVID-19 prevention.

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Journal Articles

If Lawmakers Don’t Like Platforms’ Speech Rules, Here’s What They Can Do About It. Spoiler: The Options Aren’t Great

Daphne Keller
Greenhouse by Techdirt, 2020 September 9, 2020

Explores common carriage proposals, FCC-style indecency or fairness proposals, and alternatives that would rely on user choice or competition rather than government-created rules for online speech.

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White Papers

Bolivarian Factions: Facebook takes down inauthentic assets (TAKEDOWN)

Elena Cryst, Esteban Ponce de León, Daniel Suárez Pérez, Shelby Perkins, David Thiel
2020 September 4, 2020
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White Papers

Reporting for Duty: How A Network of Pakistan-Based Accounts Leveraged Mass Reporting to Silence Critics (TAKEDOWN)

Shelby Grossman, Ross Ewald, Jennifer John, Asfandyar Mir, Kim Ngo, Natasha Patel, A. R.
2020 August 31, 2020
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